gold sulfide refractory
Sulphide Gold Ore Treatment by Leaching and Flotation Process. ... Two examples are the large low-grade ore bodies which require very fine grinding and refractory sulphides which have to be concentrated and roasted to expose gold to cyanide action. A Flowsheet to recovery gold from sulfide …
Results of research on technological processes for treatment of refractory gold-arsenic ores using bioleaching of concentrates are presented. In October 2001 the first line of bioreactors on Mill-2 began operation with projected throughput of 3 million tons a year. In July 2007 Mill-3 began operation with projected throughput of 5 million tons a year.
Low-grade, finely disseminated refractory sulfide gold ores associated with high arsenic are ubiquitous resources all over the world. Since heap bio-oxidation is an economic and promising biotechnology to recover gold, low grade, high organic carbon and arsenic bearing gold ores from Zhesang Mines in China were chosen for this purpose to study the key factors that would affect biooxidation.
Combining sulfide oxidation and gold leaching using chloride/hypochlorite solution was used for a refractory sulfide concentrate containing 20.45 g/t gold. Leaching tests at different concentrations of Ca(OCl) 2 and NaCl, and also various initial pHs were performed.
Refractory ore contains carbon and is heated to over 1000 degrees F, which removes sulfide and carbon. The resulting oxide ore is directed to the leaching circuit. Sulfide refractory ore that contains no carbon is oxidized in an autoclave to free gold from sulfide minerals, then it is sent to the leaching circuit.
Gold is present in refractory sulfide gold ores mainly in arsenian pyrite and arsenopyrite, where it occurs in both the chemically bonded state and as nano-size grains of metallic gold. During roasting or pressure oxidation, the sulfide matrix is destroyed and essentially all the gold is converted to the metallic form. The liberated gold is readily dissolved in conventional cyanide media ...
Pressure Oxidation is a process for extracting gold from refractory ore.. The most common refractory ores are pyrite and arsenopyrite, which are sulfide ores that trap the gold within them.Refractory ores require pre-treatment before the gold can be adequately extracted. The pressure oxidation process is used to prepare such ores for conventional gold extraction processes such as cyanidation.
Double refractory ores present a unique challenge to the traditional method of gold recovery in mining. Double refractory ores are ores that contain sulfides and carbons, as opposed to single refractory ores which contain only sulfides. In general, the cyanide solution pulls the gold …
Metallurgical ContentGold Leaching & Processing of Arsenic OreMispickel (Arsenopyrite: FeAsS).6Leaching and Recovering Gold from Antimony MineralsStibnite (Antimony Sulphide, Sb2S2)Telluride Gold Ore ProcessingSolubility of TelluridesGold Extraction from Carbonaceous OreList Gold Refractory Process Methods Where gold is associated with arsenic, antimony, tellurium, and …
Microbial oxidation of refractory gold sulfide concentrate by a native consortium N. MARCHEVSKY 1, 2, M. M. BARROSO QUIROGA, A. GIAVENO3, E. DONATI 1. Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Fermentaciones Industriales (CINDEFI, CCT LA PLATA-CONICET,
Nov 28, 2016· The most of refractory ore is gold bearing sulfide. Sulfide iron ore includes many kinds of pyrite and arsenopyrite. Ore and sulfide ore are symbiotic closely …
Gold-bearing pyrite and arsenopyrite account for a considerable proportion of refractory gold-bearing sulfide ores. Gold can be recovered through bulk flotation or selective flotation processes according to the distribution of gold in pyrite and arsenopyrite [ 24, 25 ].
gold in iron sulfide minerals such as pyrite and arsenopy- rite. Such deposits are called refractory gold ores due to the encapsulation of fine particles of gold in the ore host. A clear boundary between refractory and non-refractory ore in terms of gold recovery is not well defined, but several authors have pointed out that less than 60% gold
Aug 22, 2018· In this video, we show the process of smelting down sulfide-rich gold concentrates to end up with a gold button. Through roasting, the sulfur is driven off, in turn, converting the metallic ...
US8262768B2 US12/208,985 US20898508A US8262768B2 US 8262768 B2 US8262768 B2 US 8262768B2 US 20898508 A US20898508 A US 20898508A US 8262768 B2 US8262768 B2 US 8262768B2 Authority US United States Prior art keywords fraction material comminuted oxidized gold Prior art date 2007-09-17 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion.
Poor gold recovery from refractory ores is typically caused by the gold being occluded in sulfide mineral grains (usually pyrite and arsenopyrite grains) so that the gold cannot react with the cyanide leach solution or by cyanide-dissolved gold being adsorbed by carbonaceous material present in the ore (this phenomenon is known as "preg ...
The problem of refractory sulfide gold ore that has a gold recovery less than 50% when direct cyanidation applied, still exists until now. It needs oxidative pretreatment for cyanidation to be effective in gold recovery the objective of this study is figuring out the effect of sodium nitrite as an oxidizing reagent on cyanidation of refractory gold ore.
Sep 27, 2008· The microbiological leaching of refractory sulfide ores (pyrite, arsenopyrite) for recovery of gold is reviewed in this article. The underlying physiological, biochemical, and genetic fundamentals of the bacteria involved (Thiobacillus and Sulfolobus spp.) are complex and have yet to be elucidated in depth.The chemistry of acid and biological leaching of pyrite and arsenopyrite minerals is ...
sulfide minerals, mainly pyrite and to a lesser extent pyrrhotite and arsenopyriteinc is present as . Z sphalerite. The refractory nature of the concentrate requires a pressure oxidation (POX) step to oxidise the sulfide minerals and unlock the value metals. The oxidation of sulfides …
In sulfidic refractory gold ores, fine gold particles may be highly disseminated and locked up in sulfide minerals such as pyrite and arsenopyrite. All the largely unoxidized ores exhibit very low gold recoveries (typically <20%) by direct cyanidation.
The efficiency of biooxidation for treatment of a double-refractory gold-bearing sulfide ore concentrate from the Bakyrchik deposit (East Kazakhstan) was defined. The experiments were conducted in two different modes, i.e., with the standard liquid medium and the medium imitating the chemical composition of the Bakyrchik deposit groundwater and ...
Recovery of gold in sulfide ores has fallen into several categories. First is froth flotation, and second is cyanidation of the ores. Using cyanide to recover gold from sulfide ores generally results in 30 to 35% recovery, and the best I have heard of is around 50% recovery. The fine coating of a iron compound definitely appears to be a key ...
Feb 15, 2020· The sulfides contain some galena (lead sulfide) but not enough lead to serve as collector for a full fire assay on that material alone, so I will add some other galena from another source (which also contains some good silver, but very little gold) and some Litharge (plus a bit of charcoal to help reduce the litharge).
The gold-containing refractory sulfide ores of chalcopyrite, pyrite, barite-polymetallic, quartzites, copper-zinc, antimonite were used in the research. As a result of investigation, the optimal conditions of gold leaching by means of thiourea method from the above-mentioned ores and concentrates
Microscopic gold inclusions in sulfide minerals cannot typically be extracted by conventional cyanidation. The gold ore must be pretreated to oxidize sulfide minerals associated with gold and to remove other minerals and chemical compounds that interfere in the cyanidation leaching process. The recovery of gold from refractory sulfidic-carbonaceous ores after roasting pretreatment was studied.
The Refractory Gold Containing Sulfide Ores are characterized by complex structure, by extremely thin impregnation of gold in sulfide ores (so called fine-particle gold with particle size from 1 to 5 micrometer), and by presence of components, which decrease the extraction of gold under cyanidation.
The majority of the refractory gold and silver occurs in occlusion in sulphides, then precious metal dissolution is possible by first oxidizing auriferous sulfide concentrate using sodium hypochlorite-sodium-hydroxide solution followed of pressure cyanidation of the oxidized concentrate, for the extraction of precious metals. This process was conducted and evaluated under cyanide and oxygen ...
FLEXICONE processing technology of refractory ores and concentrates . For the processing of refractory gold-bearing refractory and sulfide ores, Flexicone has developed a unique enrichment technology. The technology includes the processes of ultrafine grinding and oxidation of sulphides, extraction of released gold and platinum group metals by ...
Gold processing - Gold processing - Mining and concentrating: The nature of the ore deposit determines the mining and mineral processing techniques applied. Oxide ore deposits are frequently of such low grade (e.g., 3 to 10 parts per million) that extensive mineral processing cannot economically be justified. In this case they are merely shattered by explosives and then piled into heaps for ...
Gold recovered during Stage 1 is not considered refractory. A portion of the cyanidation leach residue is advanced to Stage 2. Stage 2: Leach residue is reacted with hydrochloric acid to dissolve labile sulfide minerals such as pyrrhotite and liberate any gold that may be associated with them. The residue is then subjected to cyanidation and a ...
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